Lyell D, Coiera E, Chen J, Shah P, Magrabi F. How machine learning is embedded to support clinician decision making: an analysis of FDA-approved medical devices. BMJ Health Care Inform. 2021 Apr;28(1):e100301. doi: 10.1136/bmjhci-2020-100301. PMID: 33853863; PMCID: PMC8054073.

Objective: To examine how and to what extent medical devices using machine learning (ML) support clinician decision making. Methods: We searched for medical devices that were (1) approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) up till February 2020; (2) intended for use by clinicians; (3) in clinical tasks or decisions and (4) used